Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Clue, Clue, Who’s Got the Clue, or How to Sneak Your Way to a Good Mystery

Writing a mystery means walking a very fine line.
You want to play fair with the reader and give him the chance to solve the mystery. 
Sort of.
Readers love to play along and see if they can match/beat your sleuth to the correct solution. In almost every case (so said because there is an exception to everything) nothing makes readers angrier than the solution just coming out of the blue with nothing leading up to it. Worse than that, it’s lazy writing.
So how do you do play fair and still mystify the reader?
Be sneaky.
Put your clues out there, but make them appear to be inconsequential, throw-away things that have no relation to the case. Also put out fake clues leading to a different conclusion (some call them red herrings, but I don’t like fish), but put them out in two ways – some as inconsequentials and some as great big whacking things that might as well have CLUE in blinking neon above them.
No one said you had to play completely fair, did they?
There’s also a traditional ploy called a MacGuffin. Sounds sort of like it should be some kind of fast food, but it’s real – trust me. The MacGuffin is a lovely tool of misdirection. That’s the word I’ve been looking for – misdirection! Just like a magician, you direct the reader’s attention in one direction with one hand while the other hand – in semi-plain view – is actually doing the trick, but no one is really looking at it.
Anyway, the MacGuffin is what everyone in the book seems to want – such as everyone believes the vicar was murdered in a foiled robbery attempt to steal an ancient chalice. All the characters go rushing around trying to figure out who wanted to steal the chalice and why, while the vicar was really murdered because his tulips were certain to win the annual flower show away from the Grande Dame of the village who dislikes losing. The chalice is only a MacGuffin. Now that’s an extremely simplistic example, but in reality the MacGuffin is one of the best tools in the mystery writer’s arsenal.
MacGuffins and misdirection – use them well, and you will keep your reader happily amused and hopefully confused. Or is it the other way around?

          Janis Patterson is a seventh-generation Texan and a third-generation wordsmith who writes mysteries as Janis Patterson, romances and other things as Janis Susan May, children’s books as Janis Susan Patterson and scholarly works as J.S.M. Patterson.
          Formerly an actress and singer, a talent agent and Supervisor of Accessioning for a bio-genetic DNA testing lab, Janis has also been editor-in-chief of two multi-magazine publishing groups as well as many other things, including an enthusiastic amateur Egyptologist.
          Janis married for the first time when most of her contemporaries were becoming grandmothers. Her husband, also an Egyptophile, even proposed in a moonlit garden near the Pyramids of Giza. Janis and her husband live in Texas with an assortment of rescued furbabies.


Earl Staggs said...

We are a sneaky lot, aren't we, Susan? If we weren't, there'd be no mystery.

Marilyn Meredith a.k.a. F. M. Meredith said...

Playing fair is the rule, but that doesn't mean we can't do all sorts of things to mislead our readers,and we do. He he!

Patricia Gligor said...

I love red herrings! But then, I also love anchovies. :) Great post!

Morgan Mandel said...

Yes, there is a difference between playing fair and letting the cat out of the bag too soon. A good author walks a thin line between revelation and secrecy. Not easy!

Morgan Mandel

Anonymous said...

I enjoyed your post, Janis. As an Egyptophile and mystery writer, do you enjoy the mystery series about Amelia Peabody Emerson and her clan of archeologist/sleuths?

Barb Schlichting said...

Ah..the MacGuffin! Sneaky little devils aren't we? Loved it!